Why Indeed Did the WTC Buildings Disintegrate?
A peer-review of Steven E. Jones' 9/11 Research
Examining what really happened to the WTC buildings
1Ph.D. in economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1971
M.S. Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1969
B.S. Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1965
2Ph.D. in Materials Engineering Science, from the Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, 1992
M.S. Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech, 1983
B.S. Civil Engineering (Structural Engineering), Virginia Tech, 1981
23 August 2006, version 1.0
18 September 2006, version 1.01 (formatting, title change, video links, additions to figures 4f, 6, 12, 14c, 25b)
11 October 2006, version 1.02 (addition of figure 13a,b,c,d,e)
Nothing doth more hurt in a state than
-- Francis Bacon
TABLE OF CONTENTS
III. WTC Demolition
IV. Thermite and Glowing Liquid Aluminum
V. High Energy Devices
VI. The Pentagon
VII. No Big Boeing Theory (NBB)
VIII. Shanksville, Pennsylvania
IX. The Scientific Method and Verified Evidence
X. Vote for Jones
|Figure 5(c): Demolition starts bad: the top 300 feet of WTC 2 tilted as much as 23° before being blown to kingdom come.||Figure 5(d): No one had ever attempted to demolish a building nearly the size of a twin tower, and smoke from WTC 1 helped to distract and cover up problems in destroying WTC 2.|
|Figure 6(d) Video of WTC2's demise|
|Figure 7(a): Nuclear blast in Nevada.|
Figure 7(b): The cauliflower top looks familiar.
Listen to the Ace Baker's documentary song, "Blown to Kingdom Come."
|Figure 8: This figure forms part of the proof that 110 floors can only hit the ground within 10 seconds if lower floors fall before upper floors reach them. For more, see the billiard ball example.|
"…the approximate temperature of a hot metal is given by its color, quite independent of the composition of the metal. (A notable exception is falling liquid aluminum, which due to low emissivity and high reflectivity appears silvery-gray in daylight conditions, after falling through air one to two meters, regardless of the temperature at which the poured-out aluminum left the vessel. Aluminum does incandesce like other metals, but faintly so that the conditions in the previous sentence falling [sic] liquid aluminum will appear silvery-gray according to experiments at BYU [Jones references himself])."
|Figure 12(c): This picture appears to have been taken indoors, in a dark room. If that is "daylight" outside the window, it clearly is not shining in through the window as there are no shadows. In addition, the pot in this picture is more out of focus than anything else in the picture, which would imply a slow shutter speed. It appears that the technician is shaking the pot in an effort to get the aluminum out of it. Fast shutter speeds are used in bright daylight. If the motion of the pot is captured on camera, can this really be considered to be "in daylight conditions?"|
(a) Water at -10 to 0°C
(b) Some liquid at 25°C
|Figure 13: (a) Speedskaters stand on solid water and (b) a glass of a clear liquid at 25°C (room temperature)|
Aluminum does not remain "silvery" at elevated temperatures.
Note that the emissivity of Aluminum increases with temperature.
Figure 13(c): Aluminum alloy at 580-650°C
Figure 13(d): Aluminum at ~1000°C
Figure 13(e): Aluminum at ca. 1500°C
|Figure 13(f): 99.7% pure aluminum at approximately 1,000° C (Wood/Zebuhr).|
|Figure 21(a): A small hole in the wall, no plane silhouette and no wreckage.If the Boeing does not fit, you must quit (the plane story).||Figure 21(b): The putting green in front of the Pentagon.|
|Figure 21(c): An airliner would have to hop over the unburned cable spools before hitting the ground floor.||Figure 21(d): Pieces around the car are not burning or burned while the steel hood is burning and burned through and the right front fender is noticeably distorted. Jet fuel does not burn through steel and therefore cannot burn through steel hoods and engines.|
Figure 23: A C-130, about half the weight of a Boeing 767, hit this 10-story apartment building at approximately the 8th floor in Tehran last December and crumpled outside, throwing debris around and spilling burning jet fuel over the impact wall and inside the building.
|Figure 24: Three-pound bird goes mano a mano with aluminum plane and does heavy damage. [source]|
No one can prove a lie, not even Steven Jones, hence government cannot prove OGCT.
Saddam Hussein did it.
The professor is clueless or a disinformation agent. He refers to pre-9/11 intelligence warnings that are disinformation, thereby echoing the blood libel that 9/11 was done by Arab hijackers. Jones defends the 9/11 Commission’s conventional air defense "breakdown" story. It is nonsense to make such statements backing the OGCT without looking at or conducting scientific research on these issues.
|Figure 25(a): Landing gear amid dust, adjacent to old scaffolding, not on a street corner, close to curb, just left of the mid-point of a dusty Greco-Roman pillar lying in the gutter.||Figure 25(b): Landing gear amid dust, adjacent to old scaffolding, not on a street corner, close to curb, just left of the mid-point of a dusty Greco-Roman pillar lying in the gutter. The crime-scene ribbon is oriented differently and the axel hanging over the curb more than in Fig. 25(a). [cut from this picture.]|
|Figure 25(c): Landing gear on a dust-free street corner near shiny new scaffolding, set back from the curb and no Greco-Roman pillar visible. The tire and brakes look different too. Note the failure surface of the shaft. It's sharp, not appearing to have bounced around on the pavement. It also appears to be a torsion failure. How can an explosion cause that?||Figure 25(d): Landing gear in new photo op: tire looks in better health, no extensive dust, new scaffolding, further from the corner, further forward toward the top of a dust-free Greco-Roman pillar. We suspect tampering with evidence J . Actors gape (no one walking on their way, a suitcase on the morning of 9/11?) at nice tire and shiny shaft, wondering why the tire, brake housing and shaft would be unburned despite ejection through a "jet fuel conflagration" high atop a tower.|
|Figure 25(e): This piece also has an affinity for canopy-covered scaffolding.||Figure 25(f): And yet another view.|
|Figure 26(a): Smoking hole near Shanksville, PA free of plane debris, bodies, luggage, etc. A local resident observed, "It’s the only place it could have gone down and be sure no one would be hurt." Translation: it was the only place where there could be no witnesses. According to media reports, no local resident claimed to see a plane crash.||Figure 26(b): For national security and privacy reasons, the government has not yet shown this evidence of the Shanksville plane crash J .|
Given Professor Jones’ enormous popularity in the 9/11 arena, we must undertake the unpleasant task of social analysis. Jones "evokes" the persona of a choirboy and he plays to the gallery. Here is evidence: over half of his slides have no connection with physical science, and instead are political. In effect, they proclaim, "Elect Steve, I wanna be your physicist, I’m a NICE guy." The clutter in Jones’ presentation ranges all over the map: Jones proudly points to "growing investigative support at BYU" [pdf (7/19/06) p. 44], a sympathy-soliciting but phony-sounding email threatening negative consequences and promising bribes (I’m a victim, I’m courageous), crowd—pleasing calls for investigation/impeachment, paeans to phony peak oil crises and fragile infrastructure, denunciation of corporate profits (he is a conservative [pdf (7/19/06)] and corporate profits are bad? Corporate losses are good?), solar cookers, shared values, the Prophet Nephi and other irrelevancies.